The cornea is an integral part of the eye. The cornea is the clear and the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber. It helps to focus light onto the eye so that we can see. The cornea is made up of many layers and they work in tandem to protect your eye and provide clear vision. A healthy cornea is needed for a healthy eye.
Your cornea must be clear, smooth and healthy for having good vision. If it is scarred, swollen, or damaged, light does not focus properly onto the eye and as a result, vision can go blurry or you tend to see glares. If your cornea does not heal or repaired naturally then your ophthalmologist or Cornea Specialist in Chennai may recommend a corneal transplant. This is where a diseased cornea gets replaced with a clear, healthy cornea from a human donor.
What are the signs and symptoms of the corneal disease?
Some of the Signs of corneal problems as follows
- Visual impairment, such as blurred or cloudy vision
- Severe pain in the eye
- Sensitivity to light
Some patients may have additional symptoms of headache, nausea, and fatigue due to corneal disease.
When it comes to a Cornea Replacement Surgery in Chennai, they are of different types that your specialized eye doctor can perform. In most cases, only the front and middle layers of the cornea are replaced. In others, only the inner layer is removed. Sometimes, the entire cornea needs to be replaced.
What generally causes cornea problems?
Since the cornea is the most exposed part of the eye, injuries to the cornea are relatively common. Eye disease and injuries can damage the cornea. Deeper injuries can take longer to heal and require the care of an eye care professional. They can also lead to scarring and affect your vision more than superficial ones. Here are some common eye problems that can lead to a damaged cornea:
- Eye infections or deep eye injuries
- Keratoconus: Where the cornea is cone-shaped rather than dome-shaped.
- Fuchs’ dystrophy: Where cells in the inner layer of the cornea are not working effectively.
- Any previous corneal surgery or other eye surgery that damages the cornea
What can you expect when you have a corneal transplant?
Before your transplant, your ophthalmologist will talk with you about corneal transplant surgery in Chennai. Our doctors at An-Noor will discuss why you need this surgery, how it can help you see better, and what you can expect during and after surgery. Once you finalize, a date will be chosen and you may have to visit your primary care doctor for a physical exam and perhaps undergo some tests. This is to ensure that you are healthy enough to have the transplant surgery.
On the day of the transplant, surgery will be done as an outpatient procedure at An-Noor Eye Hospital. You may not able to drive on your own and maybe advised rest for a few days. Precautions and medicines will be prescribed and stitches etc. will be removed once you get healed. You can wear eyeglasses or an eye shield to protect your eyes. Talk to your ophthalmologist about when you can get back to doing your normal daily routine.